Introduction to Copyrights!


Copyrights are one of the forms of Intellectual Property we’ve discussed in my last post.

Copyrights in India are governed by INDIAN COPYRIGHT ACT, 1957.

The symbol © is an indication that copyright had been claimed or rights are reserved.

Copyright is a legal right, a law provides to creator of artistic and literary works.

Ideas cannot be protected but expression is.

To get copyright, one need to fix the idea.


In India, “Copyright Office” is established under the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India situated at New Delhi.


Protection by Copyright

Intellectual Property is creation born of inspiration. So the motivation required. To keep this going on, one need to get rewarded.

Copyright provides safeguards of the rights of authors for their creations, so protecting and rewarding creativity.

Copyright gives protection to creations like

Artistic Literary
  • Music
  • Sound recordings
  • Cinematograph films
  • Choreography
  • Paintings
  • Drawings
  • Photographs
  • Advertisements
  • Maps
  • Architecture
  • Sculpture
  • Books
  • Novels
  • Poems
  • Plays
  • Newspaper articles
  • Advertisements
Computer Related
  • Computer Programs
  • Databases

Films are also separately governed by The Cinematograph Act, 1952.


Types of rights

Moral Rights:

Moral rights are related to non-commercial / non-economic interests of Author.

Economic Rights:

Economic rights are related to commercial / economic interests of Author.


Term of copyright

  • Literary
  • Dramatic
  • Musical work
  • Artistic work (other than photograph)
Lifetime of author + 60 years from the beginning of the calendar year next following the year in which the author dies
  • Photographs
  • Cinematograph films
  • Sound records
  • Government work
  • Anonymous and pseudonymous work
  • Works of public undertakings
60 years from the beginning of the calendar year next following the year in which the work is first published


How I can get my copyrights. Let’s discuss in next post.

Stay tuned.

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